Name & Offices
Meetings of Members
Board of Directors
Administration of the Society
Regional Chapters & Institutional Memberships
Adoption & Amendment of Bylaws
Annual & Financial Reports
IRS Addendum to Society Bylaws
Resolution on the Purpose of the Society
Change of the Name of the Society
Name and Offices
Section 1. Name – The name of this society shall be: INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE (ISES)
Section 2. Offices – The principal office of this Society and the mailing address shall be located in the city of the Secretariat’s business office, or, in the absence of a Secretariat, in the city of residence of the Treasurer. The Society may also have offices at other places such as established by the Board. The Society is incorporated in the state of New Jersey by Charter approved the 22nd of August, 1989.
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The objective of the Society shall be to foster and advance exposure science related to environmental contamination in human populations and ecosystems; promote communication among exposure analysts, epidemiologists, toxicologists, and other scientists; recommend approaches to substantive or methodological concerns; and strengthen the impact of exposure assessment and analysis on environmental policy. (See Appendix 1, Resolution on the Purpose of the Society.)
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Section 1. Membership
– Any person with a professional interest in exposure science and environmental research shall be eligible for membership. Any person may apply by submitting an application and the annual membership fee to the Secretariat, or in the absence of a Secretariat, to the Treasurer of the Society. Membership shall become active the first day of the month following receipt of the first year's dues. Membership is for the calendar year. Any member may request, from the Secretariat or the Board, the policies and procedures governing membership status. The Society encourages and seeks broad participation from such disciplines as exposure assessment and analysis, occupational hygiene, toxicology, biochemistry, chemistry, biostatistics, statistics, epidemiology, wildlife management, ecology, and risk assessment, among others.
Section 2. Dues
– Each member shall pay to the Society annual dues of such amount as may from time to time be prescribed by the Board. The Board may set different dues depending on the class of membership - regular, student, emeritus (retired), institutional, and other special membership classes as designated by the Board. Regular members are defined as persons with a professional interest in exposure science or environmental research and all members are considered regular members unless they otherwise qualify for and choose a different class as follows. Students are persons actively engaged in an undergraduate or graduate degree program at an accredited college or university. Emeritus members are interested persons who would otherwise be regular members, but who have retired from an active career and who apply in this class. Institutional members are organizations with an interest in exposure science and research. Special membership classes are those designated by a majority vote of the Board.
Section 3. Rights of members
– The rights of a member to vote and all right, title, and interest, both legal and equitable, of a member in and to the property of the Society shall cease on termination of membership. All members are also eligible to join a regional chapter (see Article VII). Institutional members will not have voting privileges.
Section 4. Termination of membership
– Membership shall cease:
(a) By resignation;
Meetings of Members
Section 1. General Scientific Meetings
(b) By default in the payment of annual dues unless the Board votes otherwise;
(c) Upon written proposal for termination of membership by a majority vote of the Board. Prior to such a vote, the Board will specify general guidelines defining conduct detrimental to the Society.
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– General Scientific Meetings shall normally be held not less frequently than every two years. An announcement of a General Scientific Meeting shall be made to the Membership at least 180 days before the scheduled date. Other Scientific Meetings may be held at the discretion of the Board.
Section 2. General Business Meetings
– There shall be a General Membership Business Meeting of the Society to include both a meeting of the Board (see Article V for definitions) and a meeting of the members. This will be held on the occasion of each General Scientific Meeting.
Section 3. Special Meetings
– Special meetings of the Society may be called
(a) at any time by the President;
Section 4. Notice of Meetings
(b) by the Secretary at the request of a majority of the Board; or
(c) on receipt of the written request of not less than one fourth of the members of the Society.
– Notice of the time, place, and purpose or purposes of meetings of the Society shall be given to the members by mail or electronic transmission at least ninety (90) days before the meeting.
Section 4.1. Quorum
– At any General Membership Business Meeting of the Society, a quorum for voting purposes shall be 15% of the membership, either by presence, by mail, or by proxy, except as otherwise provided by law. Whether or not a quorum is present, a meeting may be adjourned by vote of a majority of the members present, without notice other than by announcement at the meeting and without further notice to any absent member.
Section 5. Regional Meetings
– Due to the international scope of the membership, Regional Chapters can be established by a subgroup of the membership and have the power to conduct Regional meetings of the Society (see Article VII). Similar such rules regarding Notice of Meetings and quorum requirements (Sections 4 and 4.1 above) govern the Regional chapters of the Society .
Section 6. Voting
– For every election or other proposition to be voted upon by the Society, each voting member (regular, student, emeritus, and other special membership classes as designated by the Board) shall be entitled to one vote. Mail ballots or electronic transmission will be used for the election of officers and councilors and for other matters as deemed appropriate by the Board.
Section 7. Business of the General Membership Meeting
– The Board shall inform the general membership about the following topics at the General Membership Business Meeting or through mail or electronic transmission:
a) The results of the election of officers and councilors and members of select committees;
Board of Directors
Section 1. Composition of the Board
(b) The place and time of the General Scientific Meeting at least two years hence,
(c) Change of the annual dues (if applicable);
(d) The annual financial statement and the balance sheet presented by the Treasurer and actions to be taken thereon as may seem appropriate;
(e) Reports of the Board and other committees and motions relating to the adoption of such reports in whole or in part and actions to be taken thereon as may seem appropriate;
(f) Investigations to be taken in the pursuit of the objective of the Society;
(g) Resolutions as can be properly considered by the Society which relate to the objectives of the Society.
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– The Board of Directors of the Society (hereafter referred to as the Board) shall be a President, President-Elect (when filled), Past-President (when filled), Secretary, Treasurer, nine councilors, and two student councilors. The Executive Officers of the Society shall be the President, President-Elect, Past-President, Secretary, and Treasurer.
Section 2. Election and Qualification
– The Board of the Society shall be members of the Society (regular, student, emeritus, and other special membership classes as designated by the Board), elected individually by majority vote of the members voting by mail ballot or by a secure electronic ballot process approved by the Board.
(a) The President shall serve for two years. At the end of this term, the President shall automatically assume the office of Past-President and serve in that capacity for one year.
(b) The President-Elect shall serve on the Board for one year prior to becoming President. The President-Elect shall automatically assume the office of the President at the end of a regular term of office of the President or at any time the office of the President becomes vacant. In the latter instance she/he may succeed her/himself as President the following term.
(c) The Secretary shall be elected in even-numbered years and shall serve for a period of two years, and is eligible to succeed herself/himself.
(d) The Treasurer shall be elected in odd-numbered years and shall serve for a period of two years, and is eligible to succeed herself/himself.
(e) Councilors, with the exception of the Student Councilors, shall be elected and serve for staggered terms of three years and shall be eligible to succeed herself/himself for a second three year term. If a Councilor has served two consecutive terms, he/she shall not be eligible for re-election for one year after completing their second term in that office. One new councilor will be elected each year for each of the three sectors representing the Government, Academic, and non-governmental organization (NGO)/Private Sector categories. There shall be two Student Councilors who shall serve for two years. One Student Councilor will be elected each year so that the Student Councilors serve staggered terms of two years. The categories are as follows:
(i) Government Councilors shall be elected from federal, state or provincial, or local government agencies or organizations.
(ii) Academic Councilors shall be elected from public or private academic institutions.
(iii) NGO/Private Sector Councilors shall be elected from business or commercial organizations, not-for-profit organizations, or other non-governmental and non-academic institutions or organizations.
(iv) Student Councilors shall be enrolled students in an undergraduate or graduate program at an accredited university or college. The Student Councilors shall also serve as members of the Student Affairs Committee.
Members of the Board shall be elected individually by majority vote of the members voting by mail ballot or by a secure electronic ballot process approved by the Board. In the event of a tie vote, the President shall call a meeting of the Board of the Society prior to the first day of January or 14 days after the close of balloting if balloting is not completed by December 16 (see Article VI, Section 2) and the tie shall be resolved in favor of one of the candidates involved in the tie by majority vote of the Board.
Section 3. Duties
– The Officers of the Society shall perform the duties usually performed by such officers, together with such duties as shall be prescribed by the Bylaws or by the Society.
(a) The President shall be Chair of the Board, Vice-Chair of the Finance Committee in his/her second year of presidency, and an ex-officio member of all other committees. The President, or his/her designee shall oversee the activities of the Secretariat and report to the Board.
Section 4. Vacancies
(b) The President-Elect shall be a member of the General Scientific Meetings Committee.
(c) The Secretary shall make arrangements for Board Meetings (as provided in Article VI, Section 4) and General Membership Business Meetings (as provided in Article IV, Section 2). At meetings of the Board, the Secretary, or the Secretariat, shall maintain and take the roll of voting members and assess a quorum; take and provide minutes; report on action items; and receive and forward reports to and from committees including status reports from the Membership Committee.
(d) The Treasurer shall report on the current financial status of the Society once each quarter at a Board Meeting. The Treasurer shall serve as chair of the Finance Committee, and pursuant to the obligations of the Board to report to the general membership stipulated in Article X, shall, with the assistance and approval of the Finance Committee, prepare and submit to the Board annually a balance sheet and financial statement for the past year and an estimate of the probable income and expenditures of the Society for the ensuing year. In years in which a General Membership Business Meeting is held, these documents shall be submitted sufficiently in advance to allow prior consideration and approval by the Board. Following his/her term(s) as Treasurer, the immediate past Treasurer will serve one additional year as a member of the Finance Committee.
(e) Officers and Committee Chairs vacating their positions on the Board shall provide to the Secretariat or Secretary, by January 30 following cessation of their term, a listing of all financial or contract records and related items that would be needed for continuing Society operations. The Board may request copies of these records or items within six months following cessation of the officer’s or chair’s term.
– If the position of President becomes vacant, the President-Elect shall assume the office. If there is not a President-Elect, the position shall be filled by election of the members of the Society by mail or electronic transmission ballot held within three months of that vacancy occurring. If the position of Secretary or Treasurer becomes vacant it shall be filled by election of the members of the Society by mail or electronic transmission ballot held within three months of that vacancy occurring. The results from the election shall be tallied within ten business days of the election at which time the individual receiving the majority of votes will assume the vacant office. During the interval while the vacancy exists, the Board shall designate another voting member of the Society to fill such a vacancy. They may fill the vacant position with one of their own members.
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Administration of the Society
Section 1. Control and Administration of the Society
– The control and administration of the Society affairs shall be vested in the Board.
Section 2. Election
– The terms of office of the officers and the councilors shall commence on the first day of January following their election or appointment, or 14 days after the close of balloting if balloting is not completed by
Section 3. Powers
(a) The Board shall determine the nature and conduct of the meetings, establish policies of the Society, be custodian of the funds of the Society, and shall conduct other business of the Society.
Section 4. Meetings
(b) The Executive Officers of the Society shall be empowered to act for the Board on all decisions except those committing the Society to a binding contract or the expenditures of funds over a limit set by the Board, if it is necessary to have such actions when the Board is not available. If the Officers meet and take such actions, they shall provide a full report to the Board on the meeting activities and any actions at the next meeting of the Board.
– The Board may meet in person or via conference call at times and places set by the President. Meetings of the Board shall also be called by the Secretary upon the written request of four members of the Board. Notice of such meetings must be made to all members of the Board thirty (30) days prior to the date of the meeting. The Board may request other individuals to participate in its meetings for information and consultation. The President, or his/her designee, shall chair all meetings of the Board.
Section 5. Quorum
– At all meetings of the Board, a majority of the voting members thereof shall be necessary and sufficient to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the act of a majority of the voting members present at any meeting at which there is a quorum shall be the act of the Board except as may be otherwise specifically provided by law.
Section 6. Contracts and Services
– The Board of the Society may be interested directly or indirectly in any contract relating to the operations conducted by the Society or in any contract for furnishing supplies thereto, and no transaction entered into by the Society shall be affected by the fact that the Board members were personally interested in it. Every Board member is hereby relieved from any disability resulting from holding such office that might otherwise prevent her/his contracting with the Society for the benefit of her/himself or of any firm, association, or corporation in which s/he has any interest, provided that such information is revealed to the Board.
Section 7. Compensation
– Board and ad hoc or standing committee members, as such, shall not receive any stated salary for their services, but by resolution of the Board, expenses, if any, may be allowed for participation at each regular or special meeting of the Board, ad hoc, or standing committee; provided that the Board shall have power at its discretion to contract for and to pay to Board members rendering unusual or exceptional services to the Society special compensation appropriate to the value of such services.
Section 8. Contracts
– The Board, except as in these Bylaws otherwise provided, may authorize any officers, agent, or agents, to enter into any contract to execute and deliver any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the Society, and such authority may be general or confined to specific instances; and unless so authorized by the Board, no officer, agent, or employee shall have power or authority to bind the Society by a contract or engagement or to pledge its credit or render it liable pecuniarily for any purpose or to any amount.
Section 9. Secretariat
– The Secretariat is a paid position(s) with contract terms established by the elected Board. The Secretariat is hired by and reports to the Board. The Secretariat performs such duties as described in the contract approved by the Board. The Secretariat does not have a vote in Society elections nor on the Board.
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Regional Chapters and Institutional Memberships
Section 1. Regional Chapters
– A Regional Chapter shall be considered for chapter status by the Society at the request of at least 15 professionals who qualify for membership in the Society, of which at least five are currently regular members, student members, emeritus members, or members of other special membership classes of the Society as designated by the Board, and reside within a specified geographical location. The Chapter shall have non-voting representation, for all Society business, within the Society Board through a Chapter Delegate. The Chapter's purpose is to promote the goals and purposes of the Society with specific attention focused on local issues. A Chapter shall be chartered after the submission for approval of a set of bylaws by the officers of the proposed Chapter to the Board. Initial approval shall be granted for a period of three years, and full approval granted after a review and acceptance of a progress report by the Board. The status of each Chapter and its affiliation with the Society will be reviewed by the Board at least once every five years. If a Chapter ceases to function, it can be terminated or placed in an inactive category by the Board. Regional Chapters may have individual Chapter members who are not fully paid members of the Society in regular, student, emeritus, or special classes designated by the Board for a period not to exceed two years in duration, after which period they must become Society members to retain membership in the Chapter. Such members may participate fully in the Regional Chapter, but members in Regional Chapters who are not regular, student, emeritus, or other special class members of the Society may not vote and will not have subscriptions to the Society journal. The Chapter shall determine appropriate Chapter dues for its members (in national or regional currency).
Section 1.1 Election and Qualifications of Chapter Delegates
– Regional Chapters shall maintain a Chapter Delegate to represent the Chapter to the Society’s Board. The process for election or appointment of the Regional Chapter Delegate shall be described in the Chapter’s Bylaws. A member of the Chapter currently serving on the Board may serve as the Chapter Delegate. Chapter Delegates should be knowledgeable of government, academic, and private sector exposure science activities in the region where the Chapter is located.
Section 1.2 Duties of Chapter Delegates
– Chapter Delegates shall communicate Society activities throughout their region to academic institutions, government, and the private sector; shall work towards establishing or maintaining regional chapters; shall communicate exposure assessment activities in their region to the Society Board, where appropriate; shall submit newsworthy items to the Society; and shall submit a brief summary of Chapter activities annually to the Society Board. Chapter Delegates shall participate on the Board as non-voting delegates.
Section 1.3 Rights of the Chapter
– The Chapter can request of the Board: (1) to have a booth at the Society General Scientific Meeting, if exhibitor space is available at the meeting, to promote its activities and members without a fee; (2) request support of the Society Board in identifying and seeking funds from non-profit and governmental agencies for its activities or for its members to travel to the Society General Scientific Meeting; and (3) to have information or links concerning its chapter posted on the Society web site.
Section 2. Institutional Memberships
– An institution (school, government agency, international agency, private foundation/institution, private corporation, or other organization) may be eligible for an institutional membership in the Society, upon approval of the application for membership by the Board. The institutional member shall receive recognition for its membership, one copy of the official journal of the Society, one complimentary registration for the Society General Scientific Meeting, and all information sent to individual members.However, the institutional members shall not have voting rights or any special privileges beyond those listed above. The Board shall establish criteria for such membership as well as institutional membership dues .
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Section 1. Standing Committees
– The Society shall have the following standing committees:
Section 1.1. Nominations Committee
– The Board, by majority vote of its members, shall appoint the Chair and at least two other members to the Nominations Committee. The Chair and members of the Committee shall be members of the Society. The terms of the Chair and committee members shall be three years and shall be staggered so that only one of the three is replaced each year. The Nominations Committee shall make nominations for officers and councilors to the Board, giving strong consideration to a geographical, professional discipline, and constituency (academic, government, NGO/private sector) balance. The Nominations Committee shall complete a slate of nominees not later than eighty (80) days prior to the date on which the term of office begins for the officers and councilors (Article VI, Section 2). The list of nominations shall be mailed (by regular or electronic transmission) to the Society membership no later than seventy (70) days prior to the date on which the term of office begins. Additional nomination(s) may be made by a Society member by submitting the name(s) of the nominee(s) in writing, together with the signatures of a nominator and twenty-five seconders, who must also be members, to the Secretary no later than eighty (80) days prior to the date on which the term of office begins. Nominees by petition will be so noted on the ballot.
Section 1.2. Finance Committee
– A Finance Committee shall include the Treasurer as Chair, the Past President (as Vice Chair) or the President in the second year of his/her term (as the Vice Chair), and three current members of the Board as selected by the Chair and Vice Chair. The terms of those members shall be three years and shall be staggered so that only one of the three is replaced each year. The immediate past Treasurer (if not the current Treasurer) shall serve as a member of the Finance Committee for one year beyond his/her term(s) as Treasurer. The Finance Committee will oversee the capital expenditures of the Society, be consulted on the annual budget, and approve the annual financial reports to the Board prepared by the Treasurer as stipulated in Article V, Section 3.
Section 2. Other Committees
– The Board may establish such other committees as may be deemed appropriate for the objectives of the Society.
Section 3. Creating and Abolishing Committees
– Committees, either standing or temporary, may be created and abolished by the Board, except for the Nominations Committee (Article VIII, Section 1). The Board shall approve the charge for all committees, and in the case of temporary committees, shall specify the period of time that the Committee will exist .
Section 3.1 Appointing and Removing Members and Chairs
– Unless stipulated otherwise in these Bylaws, the President, in consultation with the Board, shall appoint the Chair for each Committee. Committee Chairs may be removed from their appointment to a Committee by a vote of the majority of the Board. The Committee Chair in consultation with the President shall appoint, remove, or replace Committee members.
Section 3.2 Tenure
– Unless stipulated otherwise in these Bylaws, the Committee Chair and all members of standing Committees shall be appointed for a period of three (3) years, after which they may be reappointed by the President in consultation with the Board for an additional three (3) year period. Temporary Committee chairs and members shall be appointed for a period of time specified by the Board.
Section 3.3 Size
– The membership of any Committee shall not exceed fifteen (15) individuals, unless otherwise determined by the Board. Unless stipulated otherwise in these Bylaws, there is no minimum number of committee members. However, Committees generally should strive for a minimum of three members.
Section 3.4. Ex-Officio Members
– The President shall be an ex-officio member of all Committees in which membership is not otherwise stipulated by these Bylaws. Additional ex-officio members may be designated at the President's discretion. Ex-officio members shall be entitled to all the rights and privileges of regular Committee members but shall not vote or be counted in determining the existence of a quorum.
Section 4. Quorum
– A majority of the Committee membership, excluding ex-officio members, shall constitute a quorum.
Section 5. Manner of Acting
– A Committee meeting may occur by participation of a quorum of the membership in person, by telephone conference call, or other means of communication that allows all persons in the meeting to communicate with each other. The act of a majority of Committee members participating at a meeting in which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Committee. No action of a Committee taken at a meeting shall be valid unless a quorum is present.
Section 6. Committee Reports
– The Chair of each Committee shall submit reports to the Board in a manner specified by the Board.
Section 7. Expenditures
– Prior approval of the Board or Officers, as specified in Article VI, shall be required for any expenditure of Society funds by a Committee.
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Adoption and Amendment of Bylaws
Bylaws may be adopted, amended, or rescinded by the affirmative vote of a majority of the members voting by mail ballot or by secure electronic ballot as approved by the Board. An amendment may be proposed by any member and seconded by at least five members of the Society. It must be submitted to the Secretary no less than sixty (60) days prior to the General Membership Business Meeting for consideration by the Board for discussion at the General Membership Business Meeting or inclusion on the next scheduled mail or electronic transmission ballot. An amendment petitioned by not less than one-third of the membership can be placed directly on the ballot.
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Annual and Financial Reports
The Board shall annually submit the following to the Society for adoption and approval: a report on the general state and proceedings of the Society for the past year, a balance sheet and financial statement for the past year properly reviewed, and an estimate of the probable income and expenditures of the Society for the ensuing year.
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The fiscal year of the Society shall begin on the first day of January in each year and shall end on the thirty-first day of December following.
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Resolutions may be presented to the membership at the General Membership Business Meeting by the Board or by petition of any member of Society according to the following procedures:
(1) By submitting a written draft of the resolution, with the signatures of five other members, to the Secretary at least forty-five (45) days before a General Membership Business Meeting or other defined date by the Board. Such a resolution must be approved by the Board and then by a simple majority of voting members, or
(2) By submitting a written draft of the resolution to the Secretary at or before the General Membership Business Meeting. This draft shall include the sponsors of the resolution and specify its mode of implementation. Such a resolution must be approved by a majority of voting members.
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The official journal of the Society shall be the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. The Board shall report to the members, from time to time, on relationships with the Journal. The Editor-in-Chief shall appoint, remove, and replace members to the Editorial Board and can appoint Associate Editors, in cooperation with the Board and the Publications Committee.
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IRS Addendum to Society Bylaws
1. The Society is organized exclusively for educational and scientific purposes, including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under Section 501(C) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or the corresponding provisions of any future United States Internal Revenue Law).
Resolution on the Purpose of the Society
2. No part of the net earnings of the Society shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to its members, trustees, directors, officers or other private persons, except that the Society shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purpose set forth in Article XV above.
3. No substantial part of the activities of the Society shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the Society shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf or any candidate for public office.
4. Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the Society shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation/organization exempt to Federal income tax under Section 501(C) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or the corresponding provisions of any future United States Internal Revenue Law).
5. Upon dissolution of the Society, the Board of Directors/Trustees (Board) shall, after paying or making provision for the payment of all of the liabilities of the Society, dispose of all of the assets of the Society exclusively for the purposes of the Society in such manner, or to such organization(s) organized and operated exclusively for educational, religious, or scientific purposes as at the time shall qualify as an exempt organization(s) under Section 501(C) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code (or the corresponding provisions of any United States Internal Revenue Law), as the Board of Directors/Trustees (Board) shall determine. Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed of by the Court of Common Please of the County in which the principal office of the corporation/organization is then located, exclusively for such purposes or to such organization(s), as said Court shall determine, which are organized and operated exclusively for such purposes.
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Whereas environmental policy-making has been hampered by the scarcity or poor comprehension of good exposure studies of effects of environmental exposures on human populations, and ecological systems, and
Whereas environmental exposure analysis requires the cooperation of exposure scientists, epidemiologists, statisticians, toxicologists, environmental health scientists, and those in closely related disciplines, and
Whereas no existing scientific professional organization is dedicated to stimulating the international communication among these groups and thereby to promote the effectiveness of environmental exposure analysis, and
Whereas no existing organization provides a forum to which governmental agencies, industrial associations, or public interest organizations can turn to when seeking an organization of multidisciplinary groups to make recommendations on substantive or methodological problem areas in environmental exposure analysis, and
Whereas no existing organization is available to take the initiative in identifying areas or topics in which environmental exposure analysis can make an impact on environmental policy,
Therefore we join in the establishment of the International Society of Exposure Analysis in order to meet these needs and to strengthen the scientific input to environmental protection.
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Change of Name of the Society
The official name of the Society was changed from the International Society of Exposure Analysis to the International Society of Exposure Science by amendment approved by vote of the membership and adopted December 28, 2007. The official name change was registered with the State of New Jersey on January 14, 2009.
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